A tree is a widely used abstract data type that simulates a hierarchical tree structure, with a set of nodes and edges connecting them

Trees consist of nodes and edges, where each node holds its own data and a reference to its children

The root node is the topmost node in the tree, and it doesn't have any incoming edges.

Similarly leaf nodes are the nodes that don't have any children.

The height of a tree is the maximum distance from the root to a leaf node.

Trees can be balanced or unbalanced and balanced trees have a more uniform structure

Some common operations on trees include insertion, deletion, search, and traversal