Linux organizes its files and directories in a hierarchical structure, starting from the root directory "/"
The root directory is the top-level directory in the hierarchy, and all other directories and files are stored within it
The "/bin" directory contains essential system binaries that are used by all users as "ls", "cat", "mv" and "cp"
The "/sbin" directory contains system binaries that are used by the root user
The "/etc" directory contains system configuration files, such as "passwd", and "hosts"
The "/var" directory contains variable data files, such as log files, cache files, and spool directories
The "/home" directory contains the home directories of all users, where they can store their personal files and configurations
The "/usr" directory contains user programs and libraries, such as text editors, compilers, and development tools
The "/tmp" directory is used for temporary files created by the system and applications
The "/opt" directory is used for installing optional software packages, such as proprietary applications and third-party software
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