A hash is a data structure that
maps
keys to values.
A hash table is an
efficient
data structure for storing and retrieving data.
Hash works by transforming the key using a
hash
function
into a hash, which is then used to index an array
Hash tables can be
implemented
using a variety of data structures, including arrays, linked lists, and binary trees.
One
disadvantage
of hash tables is that they can suffer from collisions, which occur when two different keys are mapped to the same hash
There are various strategies for
handling
collisions
, including separate chaining and open addressing.
Hash functions transform keys into hashes using a
mathematical
operation and the size of the array.
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